This study investigates whether parental mediation can predict Taiwanese adolescents’ positive (educational) and negative (risky) Internet use. Data were collected from a nationwide random sample of 1,959 adolescents aged 9 ~ 17. The results demonstrate that the majority of parents employed higher levels of restrictive mediation strategies than evaluative mediation strategies. Moreover, neither restrictive nor evaluative mediation strategies were associated with reduced negative Internet use. However, evaluative mediation positively predicted educational Internet use. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed in this paper.